The continental culture of Equatorial Guinea is strongly linked to ancient rituals and songs. This is especially true of the Fang in the Capital City of Bioko Island, very much influenced by Spanish customs and traditions during the colonial era.
There is a university, the National University of Equatorial Guinea (UNGE by its Spanish acronym) in Malabo, and a School of Medicine in Bata. The School of Medicine in Bata is mainly supported by Cuba, whose government graciously transfers professors and medical doctors to the center. The Spanish National University of Distance Education has centers in Malabo and Bata.
Several cultural organizations (the Hispanic-Guinean Cultural Center, the Spanish Cultural Center in Malabo and others) are very active in the country. Their main goals are teaching literacy and supporting culture among the population.
Farmers from different tribes still maintain their ancient customs. Abira is a well-known national celebration. It is believed to clean the community from evil. The balélé dance takes place along the coast throughout the year and in Bioko around Christmas.
The majority of the country’s inhabitants are Christians in name, particularly Roman Catholics, and many others practice a mix of Catholicism and native traditions.
Spanish, French and Portuguese are the official languages of the country, while several regional languages, such as Fang, Bube, Fa d’Ambu and Molengue (or Balengue) are officially recognized. Besides, Benga, Ngumbi, Bissio, Igbo (or Ibo) are also spoken, along with English and German, without the official recognition. Spanish is the prevailing national language, having been the only official language until 2007. French became official to use the CFA franc for trade purposes, and Portuguese became official to join the community of Portuguese-speaking countries.